We aggregated the CFSA information to your county-month levels, producing aggregate loan counts, standard prices, as well as other measures of loan volumes and results in each county and thirty days mix. The aggregated information set contained 58,020 county-month observations for the time scale 2009вЂ“13, which covered approximately twenty-four months before and twenty-four months following the Ca Medicaid expansions. Ca rolled away Medicaid expansion over 2011 and 2012, and we put the times of expansion by county supplied by Benjamin Sommers and coauthors. 17 These times are placed in Appendix display A2, along side county-specific average payday that is monthly before to expansion. 16 Appendix display A3 shows the study that is aggregate data. 16 We analyzed results into the 43 expansion counties in Ca, making use of as an assessment team 920 counties in nonexpanding states and 4 California counties that delayed expansion.
We calculated unique borrowers in the information every month with the data setвЂ™s anonymized debtor identifiers
Medicaid expansions offer medical health insurance for uninsured grownups more youthful than years 65, therefore we stratified our results by age and centered on individuals young than years 65. Offered past analysis findings that Medicaid expansions disproportionately benefited those young than years 50, we further analyzed the circulation associated with the quantity of loans among nonelderly grownups by borrowerвЂ™s years (18вЂ“34, 35вЂ“49, and 50вЂ“64).
Also, we thought that we would read greater reductions in payday lending within counties with greater preexpansion stocks of low-income adults that are uninsured. We examined this easy Duluth payday loans probability by comparing counties with a top share of uninsured to people that have a share that is low. Counties classified as having a share that is high those in the most effective tercile of this share uninsured with incomes of significantly less than 138 per cent regarding the federal poverty degree, in accordance with the 2010 Census BureauвЂ™s Small region medical health insurance Estimates; counties classified as having the lowest share are within the base tercile.
Our additional results had been the stocks of loans that finished in standard, are repaid belated, and are rollovers
Rollovers is loans which are applied for during the time that is same past loan is born, makes it possible for the debtor to increase the loanвЂ™s timeframe without repaying the principalвЂ”in change for spending a finance cost. We identified most likely rollovers when you look at the information as loans that began within 2 days of the earlier deadline for similar borrower and lender that is same. 18
Both for our main and secondary results, we put a typical difference-in-differences analysis of county-month outcomes that covered approximately twenty-four months before and twenty-four months following the 2011вЂ“2012 Ca Medicaid expansions. As noted above, we contrasted 43 Ca very early expansion counties to 924 nonexpansion counties (such as the 4 mentioned before nonexpansion Ca counties) within the nationwide information put, with standard mistakes clustered during the county amount. We stratified our findings because of the chronilogical age of the borrowerвЂ”focusing on men more youthful than years sixty-five, that would have been almost certainly become suffering from Medicaid expansion. As a sensitiveness test (read Appendix display A7), 16 we analyzed borrowers over the age of age sixty-five and utilized a triple-differences approach in the county-month-age amount.